The joint webinar on Sanctions hosted by Fintelekt Advisory Services and the Asian Bankers Association on May 6, 2020 saw record participation to date, highlighting the growing importance of the subject of sanctions compliance and the increasing complexity associated with it.
The webinar was moderated by Shirish Pathak, Managing Director, Fintelekt Advisory Services. Four expert speakers shared their views on recent sanctions enforcement trends and implications on banks’ businesses, keeping track of frequent changes on global sanctions lists and key considerations for banks’ sanctions compliance programmes.
Nicholas Turner, Of Counsel, Steptoe & Johnson joined from Hong Kong, Surendra Thapa, President & Founder, Global Intelligence Analysis Corporation joined from the US, Vincent Gaudel, Compliance Expert, Accuity joined from France and Hala Bou Alwan, Founder & CEO, Hala Bou Alwan Consultancy joined the webinar from the UAE.
The speakers dispelled the illusion that is often held by smaller banks that the impact of sanctions, especially the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctions, is restricted only to large banks. Larger banks may have elevated risks, but smaller banks are equally vulnerable to sanctions actions and may need to comply with sanctions despite the lack of jurisdiction. Often correspondent banks or counterparties demand compliance. Banks may also wish to avoid the reputational, commercial and legal impact owing to non-compliance, including from potential secondary sanctions.
The complexity in sanctions was well brought out by statistics depicting the significant increase in the number of sanctions programmes as well as countries enforcing sanctions in the last few years.
Sanctions differ by sector and type of activity. Exceptions, authorisations and licenses may apply. Secondary sanctions also subject non-US persons to US sanctions law. OFAC claims jurisdiction on activities involving USD, US-origin goods and technology.
Further, sanctions also apply to entities not captured in the official list. Especially in the case of OFAC, entities owned 50% or more, directly or indirectly by sanctioned entities or individuals, are also automatically sanctioned.
In recent years, other sanctions authorities such as the UK, European Union, Australia and others have evolved as strong sanctions enforcing bodies.
All of these factors add to the complexity, inconsistency and challenging environment surrounding sanctions, even as regulatory scrutiny continues to rise.
Timely sanctions implementation is critical and calls for robust processes and technology. List management processes and sound regulatory watch are key for ongoing compliance.
Quality data, up-to-date screening technology and the right expertise are key components for productive sanctions screening
The OFAC recommends that all banks should have an agile and responsive sanctions compliance programme in place, which is updated and applied throughout the enterprise.
It is important to understand how sanctions violations occur, and how regulators interpret the banks’ processes if a breach were to occur.
OFAC response to Covid-19
In response to the Covid-19 situation and demands for relaxations on humanitarian ground, the OFAC is encouraging companies to take advantage of relief exceptions and provisions already built into sanctions orders through general and specific licenses.
Recently OFAC publicized Covid-19 related guidance which was followed by FAQs on relief activities that can be conducted for sanctions programmes like Iran, Venezuela and Syria.
Arrangements such as the Swiss Humanitarian Trade Arrangement (joint effort with Swiss government for humanitarian trade with Iran) are likely to continue for humanitarian and relief activities
A recording of the webinar is available below. You can also visit our YouTube channel for the past webinars.